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Software Crisis

The term "software" was first proposed by Alan Turing and used in this sense by John W. Tukey in 1957. Computer software, or simply software, is that part of a computer system that consists of encoded information or computer instructions, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built.

Software Crisis
Software crisis is a term used in the early days of computing science for the difficulty of writing useful and efficient computer programs in the required time. The term "software crisis" was coined by some attendees at the first NATO Software Engineering Conference in 1968 at Garmisch, Germany.

The causes of the software crisis are

  1. Due to the rapid increase in computer power and complexity of the problems that could be tackled.
  2. Projects running over-budget
  3. Projects running over time
  4. Software being ineffective and low quality.
  5. Software not meeting the requirements.
  6. Software not being delivered in time.
  7. Development in computing power outpaced the ability of programmers.


  • Sommerville, I. (2011). Software Engineering .Massachusetts:Pearson Education, Inc.
  • Software development process, accessed May 7, 2016, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software_development_process


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